Researching Ancient Sites


Cave de Vinci

Buxu Cave, Cueva del Buxu, Spain

An Ancient Leonardo da Vinci

These cave paintings not only show artistic value but a clear need to understand anatomy. Shown below is an outline of a cave wall engraving from the Upper Solutrean to Magdalenian period approximately 16,000 – 11,500 BP. The photo under this diagram is the actual engraving.

Further down I have included a couple anatomy diagrams of a horse’s muscles.

Pictures from:

Buxu Cave, Cueva del Buxu, Spain
Highlighted image of the rock art.

Photo: Berenguer (1988) in:

19,000 year old Leonardo da Vinci
Original rock engraving

Horse anatomy

Leonardo da Vinici Cave Art

Modern diagram superimposed over the ancient one to show similarities.  

Cueva del Pindal, Cantabria, Spain

Cueva del Pindal Cave Art

In the photo above you can see they recognized the importance of the heart, as one among the many organs in a body. They singled it out in the painting with a red inner view, at the left shoulder.    

Pictures from:

Mammoth painted in red with what appears to be a heart, painted in the same colour, at the left shoulder.

Photo: Berenguer (1994)


Mammoth painting with a red patch at the shoulder.


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Also see: Interpretive Misconceptions of Petroglyphs PDF file